Architectural Architecture is the process, the product, and the creation of building or other architectural structures. Architectural projects, in the conventional material form such as buildings, can often be seen as art and as artistic works. In the twenty-first century, architects have to work hard to keep up with the ever-changing and often highly competitive field of architectural design and construction. Modern Architectural practices have to keep up also with the changes in building codes, building technology, economic structure and lifestyle of people. As a result, an increasing number of architects are finding that it is hard to distinguish themselves from the thousands of qualified professionals flooding the field of architecture.
Architecture refers to the arranging of space, the production of which forms the basis of the built environment. The term architecture was first used in the thirteenth century by the Medieval grammarians. Since then, architecture has been defined by the several international alphabets, including the UNESCO – World Heritage List.
Urban Planning Architecture is concerned with the arrangement of people, material, machines, and information in a certain space to make it a functional facility. Urban planners concentrate on ensuring that the building of a town or city meets the needs and expectations of the inhabitants. Public programs, economic development, housing provision, etc.
Landscape Architecture is using to design outdoor space. It generally includes parks, gardens, zoos, conservatories and gardens. This type of architecture is related to the field of architecture but landscape architecture is not an element of it. Instead, landscape architecture is a subset of architecture which usually incorporates the principles of design, planning and interior layout. Many architects specialize in landscape architecture.
Urban Design is the application of scientific knowledge about the built environment in specific locations. Urban designers are concerned with the human habitat as well as the built environment. They plan the patterns of development, determine appropriate spaces, design of the facilities and manage the resources of the urban area. These resources include land, water, energy, telecommunications systems and transportation systems. In order to be successful, an urban area must be efficient in its use of the available resources, in terms of energy, transport, communications, and available land.
Architectural Planning Under this branch, an architect plans the built environment of a city or town. This involves coordinating all the physical features of the land, coordinating the human habitat with the landscape and determining the symbolic meaning of the built environment. The outcome of this planning is the aesthetic beauty of the built environment. This branch of architecture is also involved in environmental planning. Through this program, the built environment will be in harmony with the natural surroundings.